People who wind up with more retirement savings tend to share four behavioral traits. What do your habits say about you?
Traits that lead to more retirement savings
You don’t check the traffic report, confident you’ll get to work on time. You skip the office snacks to keep your weight-loss goals. As soon as your boss arrives, you’re ready to discuss a raise. Before that though, you catch up on the latest financial news from Kiplinger.
If this sounds familiar, you’re in luck. You likely possess the four key behavioral traits that contribute to greater retirement savings, according to a recent survey by Goldman Sachs Asset Management in collaboration with Syntoniq, a behavioral finance research firm.
Subscribe to Kiplinger’s Personal Finance
Be a smarter, better informed investor.
Save up to 74%
Sign up for Kiplinger’s Free E-Newsletters
The study, “Retirement Mindset Matters,” surveyed 5,261 workers and retirees. It revealed that individuals who find it easier to prepare for retirement typically exhibit these “optimal” behaviors: high optimism, high future orientation, high financial literacy and a preference for reward over risk. This underscores that financial success is as much about mindset as it is about number-crunching.
However, if this doesn’t quite sound like you, you’re not alone. Only 10% of respondents had all four traits, while 85% showed a mix. About 5% lacked all four traits. Fortunately, it’s possible to cultivate these optimal traits or mitigate the impact of less beneficial behaviors.
1. Optimism: It pays to look on the bright side
Defined as the tendency to expect positive outcomes, optimism encourages proactive financial behaviors, like creating personalized financial plans and adapting investments in volatile markets.
According to the survey, respondents with high levels of optimism were more likely to report their retirement savings as on track or ahead of schedule (83%), compared to those with low optimism (41%). This positive outlook also correlates with lower financial stress.
Younger workers with a higher educational level were more likely to be highly optimistic.
While a Harvard Health report says optimism may be around 25-30% inherited, it’s not an immutable trait. For instance, research shows that practicing gratitude, such as jotting down a few things you’re thankful for, helps foster a more positive mindset.
For those inclined toward pessimism, a financial advisor could offer a fresh perspective on the challenges you face. Such “positive reframing” has been shown to help people build psychological resilience.
(Image credit: Goldman Sachs, Retirement Survey and Insights Report 2023)
On the other hand, optimism must be grounded in realism and facts in order to serve you well. A recent study from the University of Bath, “Looking on the (B)right Side of Life: Cognitive Ability and Miscalibrated Financial Expectations,” surveyed 36,000 households. The results? “Excessive optimism” or optimism paired with low cognitive ability tends to lead to poor decision-making.
2. Future orientation: Prioritize tomorrow for a brighter future
People who feel strongly connected to their future selves exhibit a high future orientation, which is akin to envisioning one’s life through a forward-looking lens.
The research found those with high future orientation are more likely to prioritize retirement planning and engage in prudent spending and savings habits. In fact, 70% with high future orientation have a personalized financial plan, compared to only 48% of those with low future orientation.
Meanwhile, those less focused on the future are more likely to cash out retirement plans during job changes or dip into emergency savings.
Studies indicate greater future orientation is associated with the development of specific future goals and stronger planning ability, even beginning in adolescence. This suggests that setting clear future goals and actively working toward them can enhance your future orientation.
A simpler way to cultivate this mindset is to automate your retirement plan contributions, a strategy that ensures consistent savings and integrates high future orientation into your life.
(Image credit: Goldman Sachs Retirement Survey and Insights Report 2023)
3. Reward focus: Keep your eyes on the prize rather than the risks
The survey further divides retirement savers into two groups based on their focus: reward or risk. Reward-focused individuals emphasize goal achievement and gains, while risk-focused ones prioritize security and protection. Reward-focused savers exhibit better retirement preparedness, with 56% having retirement savings over $200,000, compared to 38% of risk-focused savers.
This disparity is linked to proactive financial behaviors associated with a reward orientation, such as aggressive saving or investing.
Although switching between these groups may not be straightforward, you can develop the confidence to become more proactive. Consider reflecting on past successes, which one study suggests boosts confidence and reduces anxiety.
This is where a personalized retirement plan can help. Analysis by LIMRA, a financial services trade association, shows that 87% of people with a written retirement plan feel confident in achieving their desired retirement lifestyle, in contrast to 70% with an informal plan.
4. Financial literacy: The more you know, the more you save
There’s a clear benefit to financial literacy — understanding financial concepts like compound interest and inflation — based on the survey results. It found that 56% of those with high financial literacy feel comfortable managing retirement savings, compared to just 51% of those with low literacy. Those more knowledgeable in finances tend to engage in better financial practices, including maintaining emergency funds and controlling spending.
Unfortunately, many Americans get a failing grade. The 2023 TIAA Institute-GFLEC Personal Finance Index reveals a concerning trend: U.S. adults correctly answered fewer than half of 28 basic financial questions. Even more alarming, a quarter couldn’t answer even seven correctly.
To improve financial literacy, actively seek out and study reliable financial information from trusted sources. Additionally, consider engaging with a financial adviser or taking financial education courses for guided learning.
We all aspire to a comfortable retirement, but sometimes there’s a gap between our dreams and our preparedness. Overcoming this gap requires a positive mindset, focusing on balancing life’s pleasures today while diligently planning for our future goals.