Cryptocurrencies and non-fungible tokens (NFTs) are becoming a bigger part of the investment world as more and more people buy these assets. It is important to take these digital assets into account in your estate plan so they will pass to your loved ones at death, just like more traditional assets. Crypto and NFTs, however, can present challenges to securing, transferring, protecting and gifting family wealth. New strategies are evolving to address this growing demand for family planning and tax planning with these types of assets.
There are currently many different cryptocurrencies and NFTs. Right now, the top cryptocurrencies are Bitcoin, Ethereum, Binance Coin, Tether and Solana, and they make up a large part of the trillion-dollar market value. An NFT is a unique, collectible, tradable digital asset on the blockchain, sort of like digital art, a photo or a video game avatar, that can only be purchased on an NFT marketplace through a bidding process. For example, you can purchase virtual land and real estate in the form of NFTs. In November 2021, someone paid $450,000 to be Snoop Dogg’s neighbor in the metaverse. Sales of NFTs jumped to more than $17 billion in 2021, demonstrating a growing desire for these collectibles.
Track Your Cryptocurrency and NFTs
Cryptocurrency is accessed through a private key, which is a series of alphanumeric characters known only to the owner and stored in a digital wallet or in cold storage. Whoever has the private key can buy, sell and use the digital currency. Your family or fiduciary must know that the cryptocurrency exists, where to find the assets, and what to do with them. One option is to share the seed phrase and private keys with your fiduciary. Another option for safe tracking is to place your crypto-assets and NFTs in custody, like a software application or hardware wallet. Companies offering digital-asset custodian services include Coinbase, BlockFi, Casa, Unchained Capital, Anchorage and Genesis. A third more old-fashioned option is to make a schedule of your digital assets for your fiduciary and list the login protocols for each account on whatever cryptocurrency exchange you use.
Similarly, NFTs can only be accessed with a password or personal key. Like crypto, your passcode or personal key must be shared with your fiduciary in order for it to be passed down. A digital legacy (an organized, updated list of your digital assets and the relevant related information and passwords a fiduciary will need to access them) can be a good place to keep this information.
Ultimately, you need to be sure that the details of the ownership of the NFT and cryptocurrency, including the private keys and passwords to access the digital wallets, are accessible to the fiduciary – otherwise, the cryptocurrency and NFTs …….